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miércoles, 12 de enero de 2011

¿Nulidad de contrato por haber sobornado al presidente del país que lo otorgó?

…….a 2006 international arbitration dispute involved a two million dollar cash bribe paid to Daniel Arap Moi, then President of Kenya. No one disputed the bribe, but the firm claimed that it was respecting the local East African custom of harambee and that gifts of this type were “fashionable” in Kenya. The Kenyan government, now under different leadership, contended that because of the bribe, no valid contract existed, implying that it was not guilty of breach. The arbitration tribunal sided with Kenya. The tribunal did, however, require the parties to split the tribunal’s costs and to bear the costs of their own lawyers. World Duty Free Co. v. Republic of Kenya, ICSID Case No.
ARB/00/7, ¶ 190-91 (Oct. 4, 2006).
Susan Rose-Ackerman, Corruption: Greed, Culture, and the State, 120 Yale L.J. Online 125 (2010)
Y que hay de turpitudinem suam allegans non audiatur? Quizá se considere que era de aplicación el art. 1.305 o 1306 CC, esto es, que no fuera delito la conducta o que no hubiera un derecho penal nacional aplicable y, por tanto, in pari causa turpitudinis, melior est conditio possidentis, de manera que la empresa no podía exigir el cumplimiento del contrato ni Kenia el pago del precio, naturalmente.

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