As an example of extreme harm to individuals, Satz explained, "consider markets that lead to the depletion of the natural resource base of a country or to the fueling of a genocidal war
Or consider child labor markets, which score high on many parameters." From the egalitarian perspective that Satz describes, a common characteristic of many noxious markets is the underlying "origins in destitution and desperation."In considering the child labor market, Satz pointed out that children are weak agents because they generally do not trade their labor – their parents do. "Parents can be weak agents because they often lack information about the true costs of pulling their children out of school," said Satz. Because the people involved in child labor markets are typically the "poorest of the poor" they are the most vulnerable. In addition to harming the children, this market clearly harms society since uneducated children make unproductive workers and poor citizens.
Satz argues that some goods ought to be kept out of the marketplace because when "exchange for these goods is adopted as a social practice (in markets) they reinforce significant inequalities of bargaining power and sometimes of political power that leads to extreme harms.. By allowing a marketplace where the rich can buy a vastly better private education or where the poor cannot purchase health care, governments are reinforcing inequalities that are at odds with the concept of equal citizenship that is the foundation of a democratic society. A democratic government requires that people in a society not be so poor as to be excluded from the society's institutions, or that "no one count for nothing" as Satz put it. ... "There are some goods that bad luck should not be able to take away.".
The free market concept fails when some participants lack basic information about the goods they are exchanging, when there are negative external effects on third parties or when some of the participants are "so poor that they will accept any term that is offered to them and when they have no alternatives to rely on," said Satz